Mallorca vine growing and wine making.
Denomination of Origin Binissalem (DO), for many people, the best wines on the island.
The island of Mallorca offers among all its paradisiacal values, a wonderful gastronomic and wine-growing offer. A great variety of grapes marked by the characteristics of the soil and the climate, led in character, history and quality by the DO Binissalem wines.
The cultivation of vineyards and winemaking in Mallorca was introduced by the Romans in the s. I B.C. Since the introduction of the cultivation of the vineyard, in 121 B.C., the vine has always been cultivated and wine has been made in the region of DO Binissalem. In the 1st century BC., Plinio talks about Balearic wines, comparing them with the best of Italy. Even during the period of Muslim domination, despite the Koranic prohibitions, the vine was cultivated and wine was made, as confirmed by the Liber maiolichinus, in which
it is related the invasion of Muslim Mallorca by the Pisan troops “who satiated thirst with the wine of the Saracens”. The Arab Beni Abet, offered Jaime I, when he conquered Mallorca, in 1230, “grapes of excellent quality”.
The cultivation of the vine in the region has gone through moments of splendor and others of decline related to the pre-phylloxera and post-phylloxera stages, the Spanish Civil War and the tourist “boom” of the sixties, with a new resurgence at the end of the decade of the eighties. Since then, there has been continued growth in the sector.
Currently, the wine sector represents one of the most successful economic activities, being a sector with an important weight within the agri-food sector. In recent years, the vineyard area and the number of wineries have increased significantly on the Island. Many young people, once trained in agronomy, viticulture and oenology, have started wine-making projects, although there are also many foreign investors, often non-professionals, who have seen in the production of wine an added value to their social status.
The grape varieties grown in Mallorca authorized for vinification are the local ones: Manto Negro, Callet, Fogoneu, Gorgollassa, Escursac, Monastrell, Moll, Prensal Blanc Giró Ros, Malvasía Aromática, Malvasía de Banyalbufar, Moscatel de Alejandría, Moscatel de Grano Menudo and the foreign Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Garnacha Blanca, Garnacha Tinta, Macabeo, Viura, Merlot, Parellada, Pinot Noir, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah, Tempranillo, Viognier.
Several levels of wine protection coexist in Mallorca such as Protected Geographical Indications (PGI) and Protected Designations of Origin (PDO): IGP Illes Balears, IGP Vi de la Terra Mallorca, IGP Serra de Tramuntana-Costa Nord, DO Pla i Llevant and DO Binissalem .
In 1990 the Binissalem DO was recognized, the first DO in Mallorca and the second in the Balearic Islands, after the Queso Mahón-Menorca PDO. The DO Binissalem was created by the need to protect the wines made in the region, from those that came from the main land.
Since then, the DO Binissalem has opted for local grape varieties: Manto negro, Callet, Gargollassa, Moll, Giró ros…, which have made it possible to produce unique wines, achieving high quality standards.
With a privileged location, near the Serra de Tramuntana and protected by it, the 600 hectares of vineyards registered in the DO Binissalem grow. They belong to the municipalities of Santa Maria del Camí, Consell, Binissalem, Santa Eugenia and Sencelles, beautiful villages from the interior of Mallorca with its own architecture, place names and winemaking tradition.
The climatic and soil conditions, together with the local grape varieties, give rise to a grape of excellent quality, which makes it possible to produce fruity wines, with a Mediterranean character, with the expression of varietal nuances and aromas of native grapes and of the terroir, which make them singular and unique.
The grape varieties authorized in the DO Binissalem are the red varieties: Manto Negro, Callet, Gargollassa, Monastrell, Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah; and the white varieties: Moll or Prensal Blanc, Moscatel, Giró Ros, Parellada, Macabeo and Chardonnay.
Red wines always include the Manto Negro variety, with a minimum of 30%, and white wines, the Moll or Moscatel variety with a minimum of 50%.
The DO Binissalem has wineries with more than 80 years of history. A total of 11 wineries that protect wines in the DO Binissalem with the labels among which are: (Anaros from Son Roig, Blanc de Blancs, Veritas Roig, Vinyes Velles or Pedra de Binissalem from Bodegas José L. Ferrer; Carmesí, Buc or AmicAmat from Jaume de Puntiró; Albaflor or Raff110 from Vins Nadal; Montnegre or Gran Padrina from Vinyes i Vins Ca Sa Padrina; Llacó or Serral from Can Ramis; Lluor or Torrent Fals from Vinya Taujana; 88 or Goig from Ramanyà; Encobeït, Llampant or Brodat from Sebastià Pastor; Supernova or Can Verdura from Can Verdura Viticultors and Memòries de Biniagual, Verán or Gran Verán from Bodega Biniagual).
Tranquil white, rosé and red wines, dry or sweet, and sparkling white and rosé wines, highly appreciated on the island and available in the best food stores and in the best restaurants.
Those in charge of these wineries, owners, oenologists, vine growers such as: Sebastià Pastor, Toni Ramis, Esperanza Nadal, Charlotte Miller, Juan and Sebastià Crespí, Tomeu Llabrés, José Luis Roses and Pepe Roses, Germán Albertí, Pere Calafat, Guillem and Andreu Suñer, Pere Llabrés, produce quality wines in modern facilities and technology, without forgetting the legacy of their ancestors.
In a place like Mallorca and in a wine region like DO Binissalem, to speak of wine tourism is to speak of heritage, culture, traditions, wine, gastronomy and landscape.
The Wine Route will guide you through paths, wineries, vineyards, towns and villages, a unique landscape, different in each season of the year, which will allow you to discover an unknown Mallorca. A touristic proposal to enjoy at any time of the year.
Design your own route, visiting one or more wineries, towns, cultural centres, markets … and enjoying the offer of local gastronomy.
You can enjoy visits to vineyards and wineries with wine tasting, as well as other activities offered by the wineries. For this, a prior reservation is necessary. During the visit you will have the opportunity to taste and purchase a wide variety of wines.
The winemaking importance of the towns that make up the Binissalem Denomination of Origin is tangible, old and deeply rooted. Wine has sculpted our landscape, our architecture and our culture. You will find the mark left by the Romans, the Arabs and the Catalans in the place names, in the roads and in the architecture. Monuments and churches, museums and houses of culture, talayotic remains, stone houses, old wineries…
Our rich and varied gastronomy is based on the Mediterranean diet, on the local and seasonal products present in the traditional cuisine and, also, on the modern avant-garde cuisine, which you will find in the region and its surroundings.
One of the pleasures that nature gives us is walking along the paths enjoying the landscape offered by the vineyards of the Binissalem Denomination of Origin region, where the wine culture was introduced through the Roman civilization and left its mark on each one of the towns of the island, as well as on many roads traced at that time.
We invite you to enter a labyrinth of paths traced on the map, which will lead you through a surprising landscape of almond, carob, olive, fig and vine trees, with panoramic views of the Serra de Tramuntana.
The cultivation of the vine offers a whole world of sensations that can be discovered in each of the seasons of the year.
The dormant vine needs the care of man, who pampers it and prepares it to bear fruit; it’s time to prune.
The explosion of the senses, emotions and aromas arrives when the vines begin to give life to the landscape and flowering begins; those little glimpses of vineyard life. Later, green pruning will take place to remove the most superfluous leaves.
The sunsets turn the fields into green seas. The end of the summer will come with the harvesting of the grapes and the smell of harvested grapes in the villages.
The vines are dressed in a thousand colors, green, yellow, red, gray. It is the time of well-deserved rest after having given the precious fruit.